The husband and wife were booked on a Air China flight from Beijing, China, to the eastern port city of Shanghai at 9.30am on Saturday.
But they arrived at the boarding gate after it had already closed, leaving them stranded at Beijing Capital International Airport.
Desperate to make their flight, the wife allegedly dragged her husband through the gate, 'knocking down' several employees in the process.
The pair, who have not been named, then ran onto the tarmac with their bags and headed towards the plane before it began taxing.
It is reported that the jet bridge had also already been removed when the couple dashed onto the runway to stop the aircraft from leaving.
In shocking scenes, the woman was pictured squatting down underneath the plane as she tried to convince officials to let her and her partner board it.
The man, meanwhile, was seen standing and 'sitting' beneath the aircraft with his luggage.
The pair - who allegedly ignored warnings from ground crew members - were finally arrested after a delay of about 20 minutes.
The couple will receive administrative detention of between five and 10 days and will also be fined 500 RMB (£57), it is reported.